The village of Vasiliki is one of the first Minoan settlements with
town-planning. It is in the vicinity of the Minoan settlement of Gournia.
The first settlement dates to the Early Minoan period (2600-2300 B.C.) and its development is based not only to the strategic position, controlling the Isthmus of Ierapetra, but also to the neighbouring fertile plains. The central building of the settlement was destroyed by fire in around 2300 B.C. The hill was again occupied in the Middle Minoan period as attested by a building of that period (2200-1900 B.C.).
In the village, after systematic and long-term excavations, great
archeological findings were found that are considered of great importance for
the determination of the early Minoan technology. In fact, some clay pots were
so special that their rhythm took the name of the village, since nowhere had
they been found similar.
- Minoan settlement at the place "Kefali", dates from 2300 - 2100 BC. The peculiarity of the vessels found there led archaeologists to name the specific rhythm, "Basilica rhythm".
- In the place of Venetsanos there are the ruins of an early Christian church (4th - 6th century), which is probably built on the foundations of an older pagan temple.
For details you can also check this map.
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